Reference List - APA style 2007 - modified for Ms. Dupuis
The purpose of a “Reference List” is to allow other researchers (& your teacher) to follow your tracks.
It is important to be clear and consistent in your listing technique. The following style is called APA.
Here’s the basic order of each entry in APA style.
Author. (Date). Site or Chapter Title. Title or Homepage Title. Place: Company. Page Numbers.
· Arrange your entries in alphabetical order.
· Start each entry at the margin and indent other lines. Don’t number.
· Put Titles in italics on the computer or underline if writing by hand.
· Pay attention to the details in the examples below: italics, Capital Letters, periods, etc.
· If an Ebook is an exact copy of the print version, you only need to include [Electronic version] after the article title. But if you believe the article has been changed in any way (example no page numbers, as in World Book), you will need to add the date you retrieved the article and the URL.
Ř Book citation - hardcopy or Ebook:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.
Aserinsky Discovers Rapid Eye Movement (REM) in Sleep and Dreams, 1952. (2003). DISCovering
World History. Retrieved
Coren, Stanley. (1996). Sleep Thieves: An Eye-opening Exploration into the Science and Mysteries of
Epstein, Marc. (2005). Dream. [Electronic version]. In Maryanne Horowitz (Ed.), New Dictionary of the
Ideas, Vol. 2. (593-596).
Ř ONLINE citations via Google etc:
Author, A. A. (Date site was created or updated). Title of Homepage. Retrieved that day's date from
http://somewebsite.ca See “Reference List” below.
(P.S. - If you have TRIED but can't find the author, start with the name of the page. If you can't
find the date the site was posted, use (n.d.). This means "no date". )
Ř Magazine or Newspaper citation or Encyclopedia citation:
Author, A. A. (Year, Date). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.
Ř TV program or other media citation: see http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/11/
Writer, W. W. (Writer), & Director, D.D. (Director). (Date of publication). Title of episode [Television
series episode]. In P. Producer (Producer), Series title. City of origin: Studio or distributor.
Wexler, Haskell (Writer and Director). (2004). Who needs sleep. [Film documentary]. US:
The Institute for Cinema Studies.
Ř Software citation:
Sleep. (1997). Mosly's Medical Encyclopedia. [Computer software]. US: TLC Properties.
Ř Interviews, Email, and Other Personal Communication:
Personal communications (interviews, emails, etc) are NOT included in your reference list. They are cited (name, type of communication, date) in your article only.
American Psychological Association (APA) style examples. (2006, April
Electronic references. APA style.org. (2003). Retrieved
Neyhart, David and Karper, Erin. (2006, September 28). APA Formatting and Style Guide. Retrieved December
12, 2006 from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/